The Smithsons were married in 1949 and after 1950 practiced architecture together. Alison Smithson and Peter Smithson, British architects notable for their design for the Hunstanton Secondary Modern School, Norfolk (1954), which is generally recognized as the first example of New Brutalism, an approach to architecture that often stressed stark presentation of materials and Philip Johnson analyses the influences of Mies van der Rohe on the work of Alison and Peter Smithson. Feb 15, 2016 - Explore Christoffer Brøchmann Christen's board "Alison and Peter Smithson" on Pinterest. Later works include the Garden Building (1968–70), St. Hilda’s College, Oxford, and the Robin Hood Gardens (1972), a housing project in London. Peter Smithson studied architecture at the same university between 1939 and 1948, along with a programme in the Department of Town Planning, also at King's, between 1946 and 1948.[7]. [12], Robin Hood Gardens was under construction when B. S. Johnson made a short film about the couple for the BBC, The Smithsons on Housing (1970). The first built Brutalist work was the Secondary School at Hunstanton in Norfolk, England (Peter and Alison Smithson, 1954), which employed what seemed … Brutalism as an architectural philosophy, rather than a style, was often also associated with a socialist utopian ideology, which tended to be supported by its designers, especially Alison and Peter Smithson, near the height of the style. Robin Hood Gardens, London - Alison and Peter Smithson (demolished 2017) Unfortunately, the utopian dream was not to be realised. "[16] The finished flats suffered from high costs associated with the system selected and from high levels of crime, all of which undermined the modernist vision of 'streets in the sky' and the Smithsons' architectural reputation. [10] Alison Smithson articulated their desire to connect building, users, and site when, describing architecture as an act of "form-giving", she noted: "My act of form-giving has to invite the occupiers to add their intangible quality of use. The Smithsons first came to prominence with Hunstanton School, completed in 1954, which used some of the language of high modernist Ludwig Mies van der Rohe but in a stripped back way, with rough finishes and a deliberate lack of refinement that kept architectural structure and services exposed. See more ideas about Alison and peter smithson, Brutalism, Architecture. They referred to New Brutalism as "an ethic, not an aesthetic". • The standard sections, though large and in short supply, were relatively cheap. Updates? Alison and Peter Smithson Husband and wife team, Alison and Peter Smithson were English architects whose role in the development of brutalist architecture in England should not be underestimated. The term Brutalism does not come from the word “brutal”, but to “béton brut”, the French term for exposed concrete. English architects Alison Smithson (22 June 1928 – 16 August 1993) and Peter Smithson (18 September 1923 – 3 March 2003) together formed an architectural partnership, and are often associated with the New Brutalism (especially in architectural and urban theory). Peter served in the Madras Sappers and Miners in India and Burma,[4] then returned to finish his architectural studies. Overview The English architects Alison Smithson (1928–1993) and Peter Smithson (1923–2003) were ringleaders of the New Brutalism, active in CIAM and Team 10, and influential in English Pop Art. Alison Smithson studied architecture at King's College (now Newcastle University), University of Durham between 1944 and 1949. The Tower Hamlets estate, designed by Alison and Peter Smithson and completed in 1972, is being demolished. “Density, Interval and Measure.” Ekistics, vol. In 1949 they won an architectural competition for their design for the Hunstanton Secondary Modern School (1949–54) in Norfolk, later seen as an exemplar of Brutalist style. Smithson, Alison, and Peter Smithson. Alison and Peter Smithson, Design Museum. They met while studying architecture at Durham University and married in 1949. The cluster shows imaginative use of the irregular site and is in scale with its St. James’s Street location. 37–37. Standard sections, though large and in short supply, were relatively cheap 1950 practiced together..., is being demolished designed by Alison and Peter Smithson 's teaching activity the... Gardens was designed by Alison and Peter Smithson is being demolished are agreeing to news, offers, and from. Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and completed in,., you are agreeing to news, offers, and completed in 1972, is being refurbished by architects! 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