Question 3. In which sector the share of total water used in the country is high? It is the scarcity of water that has caused longstanding disputes between the state of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu over sharing of waters of Kaveri River. Water constitutes a large proportion of human body. Ganga. (a) Irrigation Approximately, 71 per cent of the earth’s surface is covered with it but fresh water constitutes only about 3 per cent of the total water. Answer: Due to above reasons, we need to conserve water resources. Watershed management emphasises on scientific soil and water conservation in order to increase the biomass production. Water resources in India faced many problems such as availability, quality, usage and management. The Ganga and the Brahmaputra have larger replenishable groundwater resources. Answer: There are four major sources of surface water: rivers, lakes, ponds, and tanks. Water gets polluted by foreign matters such as micro-organisms, chemicals, industrial and other wastes. Watershed management is the process of guiding and organizing the use of land and other resources in a watershed to provide desired goods and services without adversely affecting soil and water resources. (b) 3,000 Water gets polluted by foreign matters such as microorganisms, chemicals, industrial and other wastes which deteriorate the quality of water and render it unfit for human use. Question 2. (CBSE 2013) The success of watershed development largely depends upon community participation. Steve Nulsen and Peter Taylor founded Watershed Partners in 1997 to provide real estate, design, and construction management services to Polo Ralph Lauren, who was then embarking on a number of upgrades to their full price retail stores. The contaminated water is the reason for several diseases like Cholera, typhoid, etc. Related Questions & Answers: Which Causes More Health Hazard Acute Diseases Or Chronic Diseases: Which Chlorides Does Li And Mg Form: This results in pollution of water whereby the quality of water deteriorates affecting aquatic systems. Precipitation is high in the catchment areas of the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and the Barak rivers, these rivers, although account for only about one-third of the total area in the country, have 60 per cent of the total surface water resources. Fire fighting and industrialization cooling to reduce their water cost. The village transformed to a self reliant and sufficient village. Canal irrigation is the biggest source of irrigation in North India. Crops with low water requirements were encouraged. (i) Agricultural sector as irrigation is essential to enhance agricultural productivity. (b) Underground water is not always available. NCERT Books for Class 5; NCERT Books Class 6; NCERT Books for Class 7; NCERT Books for Class 8; NCERT Books for Class 9; NCERT Books for Class 10; ... Land and water are the primary resources in watershed management. The over-use of groundwater resources has led to decline in ground water table in the states of Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh. With a bit of acumen and proper judgement, the rain water can be made to move down the slopes slowly, ensuring optimum infiltration and percolation, automatically solving the problem of soil erosion. It is also used to recharge groundwater aquifers. About 71% of the earth’s surface is covered with water but fresh water is about 3% of the total water resource. (d) Cyclic Resource, Question 1. “Scarcity of water on account of its increased demand, possess possibility the greatest demand in India.” Analyse the statement. Answer: Of the €200-million estimated budget for this sector, €100 million is for the pressurized irrigation projects and €100 million for the watershed management projects. As a result, these rivers, although account for only about one-third of the total area in the country, have 60 per cent of the total surface water resources. Login to view more pages. Net irrigated area of Punjab and Haryana are irrigated through wells and tube wells. through people’s participation. Question 3. A portion of river flows should be kept aside to meet ecological needs ensuring that the proportional low and high flow releases correspond in time closely to the natural flow regime. Answer: Question 9. Watershed Management Textbook Free Download Watershed Management Textbook Free Download. Answer: The following points are the salient features of National Water Policy, 2002. Question 19. Q.List four advantages of properly managed watershed management. Because of this, a watershed approach to planning and management is an important part of water protection and restoration efforts. The Project is being executed by Gram Panchayats with people’s participation. Ans. Watershed management is one of the famous textbook for engineering students. Water stored in check dam built across the stream channel (ex-situ management); Photo: Kothapally watershed. In the country, there are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries longer than 1.6 km each. If you are already familiar with the Handbook, you might want to start with Section II to discover new tools and programs that you can incorporate into your watershed management activities. Study the given diagram and answer the questions that follow: What are the advantages of watershed management? Land and water conservation practices, those made within agricultural 1elds like construction of contour bunds, graded bunds, 1eld (ii) To produce secondary resources of plants and animals for use in a manner which will hot cause ecological imbalance. Conservation, regeneration and judicious use of all resources like land, water, plants, animals etc. Watershed Management Consulting is one of Qatar’s leading training provider for Individual delegates and Corporate clients. Where is the highest replenishable water concentrated? The District takes a watershed approach to managing water and water-related resources within its boundaries. Answer: WATERSHED MANAGEMENT. Watershed is basically when water flowing in a particular geographical area drains/ meets into lake, river or any other water body. Domestic Management of this water is known as water shed management.It includes the overall planning & proper utilization of watersheds. Due to topographical, hydrological and other constraints only 32% of available surface water can be utilised. Watershed management. Watershed functions include capturing, storing and recharging groundwater, filtering out water pollutants, and secure release of rainwater to avoid floods during heavy rainfalls. Watershed management implies rational utilisation of land and water resources for optimum and sustained production, with the minimum of hazard to natural resources. In spite of the fact that 71% of the earth is covered with water, water is scarce. Much to India’s dislike and concern China is planning to build a dam on river Brahmaputra. Question 2. The website offers a variety of self-paced training modules that represent a basic and broad introduction to the watershed management field. Precipitation in India has very high spatial variation, and it is mainly concentrated in Monsoon season. Answer: Watershed management can be used to identify areas for carbon storage and sequestration by forests and trees and to reduce deforestation and forest degradation by limiting agricultural expansion and the conversion of forests to pasture lands. Audience for the Quick Guide The availability of fresh water varies over space and time. Modules vary in the time they take to complete, from ½ hour to two hours. What are the emerging water problems facing India? Quality: Water pollution is caused by domestic waste, industrial waste and chemical use in agriculture. Water intake is an essential part of human life. It decreases the dependence of community on ground water. which are major killer diseases in India. There is a wide scope to use rainwater harvesting technique to conserve precious water resource. It prevents runoff, recharges ground water through percolation tanks, recharge wells etc. Question 3. 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