C onvergent validity and discriminant validity are commonly regarded as ways to assess the construct validity of a measurement procedure (Campbell & Fiske, 1959). Both convergent and concurrent validity are ways of assessing construct validity by examining the strength of the relationship between the scores from two different measurement procedures. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Convergent validity states that tests having the same or similar constructs should be highly correlated. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. You're thinking of divergent or discriminant validity here. I think I get it. Convergent validity, a parameter often used in sociology, psychology, and other behavioral sciences, refers to the degree to which two measures of constructs that theoretically should be related, are in fact related. Concurrent Validity vs Convergent Validity. Is there anyone that could explain it and provide some examples?? Testing for this type of validity requires that you essentially ask your sample similar questions that are designed to provide you with expected answers. This is where your measure predicts some outcome in the future. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is CONCURRENT VALIDITY? For instance, Item 1 might be the statement “I feel good about myself” rated using a 1-to-5 Likert-type response format. Press J to jump to the feed. Concurrent validity, often phrased as "concurrent criterion validity," is more about prediction, though this can be prediction on another test. Convergent validity applies greatly in medicine, education, psychology, and social science. As the name suggests, concurrent validity relies upon tests that took place at the same time. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. The concepts of reliability, validity and utility are explored and explained. Is there anyone that could explain it and provide some examples?? E.g., scores on a written portion of the exam for board certification might predict the scores on the oral exam or case conceptualization given during the same exam. the degree of communication between two measurements at the same time, primarily the investigation of one exam's validity by comparing its outcomes with another correlated exam at the same time. Concurrent validity differs from convergent validity in that it focuses on the power of the focal test to predict outcomes on another test or some outcome variable. • Content Validity -- inspection of items for “proper domain” • Construct Validity -- correlation and factor analyses to check on discriminant validity of the measure • Criterion-related Validity -- predictive, concurrent and/or postdictive This type of validity goes hand-in-hand with discriminant validity to create perfect construct validity. Convergent validity is about the degree to which two measures, supposedly of the same construct, correlate. Validity Convergent/Concurrent. Construct validity is thus an assessment of the quality of an instrument or experimental design. Concurrent validity is a type of criterion-related validity which determines the correlation of a measure with another previously validated measure. Another way of measuring convergent validity is to look at the differences in test scores between groups of people who would be expected to score differently on the test. We theorize that all four items reflect the idea of self esteem (this is why I labeled the top part of the figure Theory). Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Concurrent vs. Predictive Validity Concurrent validity is one of the two types of criterion-related validity . None of the differences in convergent and concurrent validity between the BBS and DGI were significant. Convergent validity A type of validity that is determined by hypothesizing and examining the overlap between two or more tests that presumably measure the same construct. The main purposes of predictive validity and concurrent validity are different. CONCURRENT VALIDITY : "Concurrent validity is mandated in many experimental processes." To demonstrate convergent validity, the authors also developed a communal overclaiming measure based on the technique previously developed to measure agentic self-enhancement (Paulhus, Harms, Bruce, & Lysy, 2003). predict performance in grad school, law school, med school, etc. I'm studying for a psych research final right now, and I've been trying to understand and differentiate Concurrent Validity and Convergent Validity! the validity diagonal should be sig-nificantly different from zero and sufficiently large to encourage further examination of validity. Ah okay!! Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. It's simply about correlation and association. Validity contains the concepts of content, face, criterion, concurrent, predictive, construct, convergent (and divergent), factorial and discriminant. And this for convergent validity: "Convergent validity refers to the degree to which scores on a test correlate with (or are related to) scores on other tests that are designed to assess the same construct. In other words, convergent validity is used to evaluate the degree to which two or more measures that theoretically should be related to each other are, in fact, observed to be related to each other. Criterion validity. The form of criterion validity is predictive validity. A good example of this is the question of whether SAT or ACT scores predict performance in undergrad or whether scores on the GRE, LSAT, MCAT, etc. An example of this would be some kind of self-report depression measure that allows you separate people based on the type of mood disorder they actually have, e.g., MDD, dysthymia, Bipolar. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. You're thinking of convergent validity here. This re-quirement is evidence of convergent validity. This can be scores on one scale predicting scores on another, but it doesn't have to be a scale itself. Concurrent validity is about one thing predicting another thing measured at the same time. Construct Validity: Convergent vs. Discriminant. include concurrent validity, construct validity, content validity, convergent validity, criterion validity, discriminant validity, divergent validity, face validity, and predictive validity. One hundred and ninety-three individuals from St. John’s, Newfoundland, and Labrador, Canada completed the SLIQ and r… Concurrent validity’s main use is to find tests that can substitute other procedures that are less convenient for various reasons. Convergent validity tests that constructs that are expected to be related are, in fact, related. For example, the extraversion scale you suggested, if it positively correlates with other scales measuring extraversion (or a related measure) then can it be immediately assumed it also has convergent validity? Contrasted groups. Convergent validity showed moderate to strong significant correlations between the NAT, and a- and i-ADL tools (range −0.583 to −0.663; p < 0.01). For example, a collective intelligence test … This is not to be confused with discriminative validity, which is the degree to which scores on a given test allow you to identify and discriminate between subjects who actually are part of different group. Reliability contains the concepts of internal consistency and stability and equivalence. Graduate students and professionals are recommended for our sister sub, r/academicpsychology. Concurrent validity focuses on the extent to which scores on a new measure are related to scores from a criterion measure administered at the same time, whereas predictive validity uses the scores from the new measure to predict performance on a criterion measure administered at a later time. This a place for psychology students to discuss study methods, get homework help, get job search advice, and what ever else comes to mind. Since one positively correlates and one negatively correlates can we assume if one type of validity is present then so is the other, vice versa? A good experiment turns the theory (constructs) into actual things you can measure. Criterion validity evaluates how closely the results of your test correspond to the … The two measures may be for the same construct or closely-related constructs. This sub is aimed at those at the beginner to intermediate level, generally in or around undergraduate studies. This is related to how well the experiment is operationalized. In convergent validity, we examine the degree to which the operationalization is similar to (converges on) other operationalizations that it theoretically should be similar to. Two methods are often applied to test convergent validity. The only Convergent/ Concurrent validity findings available for the ILP must be derived from regression analyses conducted by Pulford and Sohal (2006). On the bottom part of the figure (Observation) w… Convergent validity tests that constructs that are expected to be related are, in fact, related. In the figure below, we see four measures (each is an item on a scale) that all purport to reflect the construct of self esteem. I'm studying for a psych research final right now, and I've been trying to understand and differentiate Concurrent Validity and Convergent Validity! The BBS⁻SF-36 physical functioning correlation was at least moderate and significant overall and across both PDDS strata. What's important to note is that the core component of forms of criterion validity are theri temporal relationships. Concurrent validity showed that the NAT (AUC 0.809–1.000) and the a- and i-ADL tools (AUC 0.739–0.964) presented comparable discriminatory accuracy (p = 0.0588). Convergent Validity – When two similar questions reveal the same result. However, whilst concurrent validity compared a new measurement procedure with a well-established measurement procedure, both measurement procedures are new when testing for convergent validity. Some other types of validity are: Composite, Concurrent, Convergent, Consequential, Curricular and Instructional, Ecological, External, Face, Formative validity & Summative Validity, Incremental Validity, Internal, Predictive, Sampling, and Statistical Conclusion Validity. There are two forms of criterion-related validity: predictive validity and concurrent validity. I know that convergent validity is a type of construct validity, and concurrent is a type of criterion validity, but I'm not sure of the exact difference. Convergent validity is one of the topics related to construct validity (Gregory, 2007). Practically, measures may have some time difference between them. These are discussed in detail in the Predictive validity section below. Convergent would be where your scale negatively correlates with introversion measures or other related constructs like how outgoing someone is. The concurrent validities between the test and other measures of the same domain are correlational measures of convergent validity. In New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the psychologystudents community, Continue browsing in r/psychologystudents. Results. What does CONCURRENT VALIDITY mean? To establish convergent validity, you need to show that measures that should be related are in reality related. However, the DGI⁻physical functioning score did not have a statistically significant correlation within PDDS ≤ 2. Divergent Validity – When two opposite questions reveal opposite results. No research methods! Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. Criterion validity A measurement technique has criterion validity if its results are closely related to those given by This study provides further psychometrics on the Simple Lifestyle Indicator Questionnaire (SLIQ), a short, easy-to-use instrument which measures all these lifestyle characteristics as a single construct. Convergent validity is a subcategory of construct validity. Sometimes just finding out more about the construct (which itself must be valid) can be helpful. Criterion validity (concurrent and predictive validity) There are many occasions when you might choose to use a well-established measurement procedure (e.g., a 42-item survey on depression) as the basis to create a new measurement procedure (e.g., a 19-item survey on depression) to measure the construct you are interested in (e.g., depression, sleep quality, employee commitment, etc. Discriminant validity (or divergent validity) tests that constructs that should have no … Discriminant validity tests whether believed unrelated constructs are, in fact, unrelated. Convergent Validity. Validity Convergent/Concurrent. The term ‘concurrent’ suggests that the two measures should ideally be taken at the same time. Constructvalidity occurs when the theoretical constructs of cause and effect accurately represent the real-world situations they are intended to model. ). Concurrent would be where your scale (say measuring extraversion) positively correlates with other scales measuring extraversion or socialness (a related measure). It says '… Convergent validity refers to the observation of strong correlations between two tests that are assumed to measure the same construct. Lifestyle issues including physical activity, diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, and self-reported stress have all been shown to predispose people to higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Conclusions. If the scores for each employee on both tests are closely related, then the new scale is said to have high concurrent validity." Second, a validity diagonal value should be higher than the val-ues lying in its column and row in the heterotrait-heteromethod triangles. Sorry if this isn't the right place to post this but I can't think of any other subreddit. 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