Late dumping syndrome occurs 90 minutes to 3 hours after eating, and is caused by a release of an excessive amount of insulin. ‘A peptic ulcer is an area of damage to the lining of either the stomach or the duodenum (the part of the digestive tract that immediately follows the stomach).’ ‘The most commonly missed upper gastrointestinal lesions are erosions in large hiatal hernias, arteriovenous malformations, and peptic ulcers.’ Peptic ulcers are chronic most often solitary, lesions that occur in any portion of the gastrointestinal tract exposed to the aggressive action of acid-peptic juices. They’re usually formed as a result of inflammation caused … Drainage of the gastric contents diverts acid from the ulcerated area and facilitates healing. Definition. Peptic ulcer are sores in the lining of the esophagus, stomach or duodenum. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples This usually happens during childhood. Most of the time when a gastroenterologist is referring to an “ulcer” the doctor means a peptic ulcer. An ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, while one in the first part of the intestines is a duodenal ulcer. Risk Factors Peak incidence of duodenal ulcers (between ages 25 and 50); gastric ulcers (older than age 50) Helicobacter pylori infection altered gastric acid and serum gastrin … Peptic ulcer definition: A peptic ulcer is an ulcer that occurs in the digestive system. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease . Vagotomy decreases peak acid output by approximately 50%, whereas vagotomy plus antrectomy decreases peak acid output by approximately 85%, 1. All right, so imagine if you had a cut and now you're sprinkling that cut or bathing that cut with acid. Peptic ulcer is one of the common GI disorders. Peptic ulcers affect millions of people in the US yearly. Peptic Ulcer Definition. Lesser curvature (common) . The most common causes of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) are Helicobacter pylori infection and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). . Ventriculus is located in the epigastric and umbilical regions of the abdomen and followed by the duodenum that encircles the head of the pancreas to the right of the vertebral column (Standring, 2008). Ulcers are open sores that can appear on any part of the body. INTRODUCTION • Peptic Ulcer is a lesion in the lining (mucosa) of the digestive tract, typically in the stomach or duodenum, caused by the digestive action of pepsin and stomach acid. Learn the definition of peptic (stomach) ulcers and risk factors, problems, and causes, including NSAIDS, H. pylori infection and tumors. Peptic Ulcer Disease. Symptoms include vertigo, tachycardia, syncope, pallor, sweating and palpatations. Stomach (GU) Usually antrum. View ulcera42008.ppt from SOCIAL SCI 101 at INSEAD Asia Campus. These patients will have NG tubes in place and attached to low wall suction. Duodenal ulcers are found at the beginning of the small intestine (also called the small bowel) known a… Peptic ulcer disease Raika Jamali M.D. Given the multiple processes that control acid and pepsin secretion and defense and repair of the gastroduodenal mucosa, it is likely that the cause of ulceration differs between individuals. CMC. Peptic Ulcer PPT Template with a White Background and Peptic Ulcer Banner. Skip to main content COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. These drugs suppress acid production. Now ulcers, you can think of it as a cut or a sore in the lining of the stomach. Symptoms include dizziness, light-headedness, palpatations, diaphoresis, and confusion. Ulcer formation is related to Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach, use of anti-inflammatory medications, and cigarette smoking. Infection with Helicobacter Pylori (H.Pylori) 2. Peptic Ulcer Disease: Introduction Peptic ulcer disease represents a serious medical problem. The surgeon creates a passage between the body of the stomach and the small bowel. Peptic ulcers are chronic most often solitary, lesions that occur in any portion of the gastrointestinal tract exposed to the aggressive action of acidic-peptic secretion. What is a peptic ulcer? (Bloating and burping are not symptoms of peptic ulcer, and vomiting, poor appetite, and nausea are uncommon symptoms of peptic ulcer. Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus, or small intestine. It is Duodenal ulcers, which form in the upper small intestine. Basically, an ulcer is an open sore or wound. 3. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. 1. Peptic Ulcer Disease Definition A circumscribed ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa occurring in areas exposed to acid and Peptic ulcer are sores in the lining of the esophagus, stomach or duodenum. Learn the definition of peptic (stomach) ulcers and risk factors, problems, and causes, including NSAIDS, H. pylori infection and tumors. ; The main symptom of a stomach or duodenal ulcer is upper abdominal pain, which can be dull, sharp, or burning (a hunger-like feeling). Peptic ulcer disease remains an important cause of morbidity and health care costs . Hemorrhage: With massive bleeding the patient vomits bright red or coffee ground blood. 4. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. A peptic ulcer is an open sore in the upper digestive tract. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the inner lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or sometimes the lower esophagus. The word “peptic” means that the cause of the problem is due to acid. Relapsing lesion ; Most often diagnosed in middle aged to older adults but may first become evident in young adult life. Rarely, a peptic ulcer may develop just above your stomach in your esophagus. Types of Peptic Ulcer Disease: There are … A circumscribed ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa occurring in areas exposed to acid and pepsin and most often caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. Stomach and duodenum anatomy and physiology, Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell), No public clipboards found for this slide, Christleads Missions and Medical Services. Okay. Despite extensive research, the etiology of peptic ulcer disease remains unclear. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 5 Clinical presentation. Dr. Lala Robin. Do not use barium where free air is a possibility. Stomach Chronic peptic ulcer. Carrie Jones; 2 Definition. Increased HCL secretion 3. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection occurs when a type of bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infects your stomach. Duodenum (DU) First portion. The two most common types of peptic ulcer are called “gastric ulcers” and “duodenal ulcers”. Peptic ulcer disease is a condition in which painful sores or ulcers develop in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine (the duodenum). We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Both types of peptic ulcers are most commonly caused either by infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria or by frequent use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They … The predominant causes in the United States are infection with Helicobacter pylori and use of … Senior Resident Peptic definition is - relating to or promoting digestion : digestive. Dumping Syndrome: is a term that refers to a constellation of vasomotor symptoms after eating, especially following a Billiroth II procedure. Meaning of Peptic Ulcer. Definition of peptic ulcer in the Definitions.net dictionary. The two major causes of PUD are Helicobacter pylori infection and NSAID usage. (Bloating and burping are not symptoms of peptic ulcer, and vomiting, poor appetite, and nausea are uncommon symptoms of peptic ulcer. Peptic Ulcers are prevalent in approximately […] See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Peptic ulcer is a break (like a sore) in the lining of the stomach or the upper part of the small intestine [1], with a diameter of at least 0.5 cm penetrating through the muscularis mucosa. Essays in satire ronald knox: diwali essay class 6th, essay about hunting trip, essay on a carnival Case disease ppt peptic study of ulcer essay on gst in english 1000 words mit diversity essay latest research paper on face recognition how to write on japanese essay paper, sickle cell anemia hesi case study joi penn state university essay prompt 2019. 1. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is defined as a mucosal break larger than 3 mm in depth in the stomach or duodenum. Ulcers can be internal or external. Higher prevalence in developing countries Gastric ulcer definition is - a peptic ulcer situated in the stomach. (Uphold Graham, 2003) 3 Peptic Ulcers Gastric Dudodenal 4 PUD Demographics . In this procedure the surgeon enlarges the pyloric stricture by incising the pylorus longitudinally and sutures the incision transversely. Definition of peptic ulcer. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The symptoms of gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers are similar, except for when pain occurs. Surgery. If you have a burning pain in your stomach that keeps coming back, a peptic ulcer is one possible reason for it. A peptic ulcer is an excavation that forms in the mucosal wall of the stomach, in the pylorus, in the duodenum, or in the esophagus. Definition of peptic ulcer. Peptic Ulcer: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - Peptic Ulcer is a sore in the inner lining of the stomach or upper small intestine. A vagotomy eliminates the acid-secreting stimulus to gastric cells and decreases the responsiveness of parietal cells. Excessive gastric acid secretion is only one factor in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer disease. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Peptic ulcer definition: A peptic ulcer is an ulcer that occurs in the digestive system. Dumping syndrome is managed by dietary measures that include decreasing the amount of food taken at one time and eliminating liquids with meals. Chronic peptic ulcer represents a deep loss of substance, being associated most often with Helicobacter pylori-induced hyperclorhidric chronic gastritis and chronic NSAID use.. Peptic Ulcer. Lesion may subsequently occur into the lamina propria and submucosa to cause bleeding. Doctors call this type of peptic ulcer an esophageal ulcer. Your proton pump inhibitors have emerged as the drug class of choice for treating clients with acid-related disorders. (Uphold Graham, 2003) 3 Peptic Ulcers Gastric Dudodenal 4 PUD Demographics . | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view Online Ulcerin Compound 1 and 2 Capsules for Ulcerative Colitis Disease - You can get relief from your ulcerative colitis disease by ulcerin compound 1 & ulcerin compound 2 capsules. Gastric ulcers are located in the stomach (see Figure 1). The drug Carafate acts as a mucosal barrier by forming a protective coating. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Your H2 receptor antagonists block histamine stimulated gastric secretions. Other factors: smoking, NSAIDs, alcohol 10 Treatment: Aim 1. The natural history of peptic ulcer ranges from healing without intervention to the development of complications with the potential for significant morbidity and mortality, such as bleeding and perforation. View CORNEAL ULCERS.ppt from ANATOMY AN 310 at University of Zambia. Definition Peptic ulcers are defined as erosions in the gastric or duodenal mucosa that extend through the muscularis mucosae. ; The main symptom of a stomach or duodenal ulcer is upper abdominal pain, which can be dull, sharp, or burning (a hunger-like feeling). Peptic ulcer disease usually occurs in the stomach and proximal duodenum. A simple gastroenterostomy permits neutralization of gastric acid by regurgitation of alkaline duodenal contents into the stomach. Benign Gastric Ulcer Duodenal Ulcer. The insulin release follows a rapid rise in the blood glucose level that results from the rapid entry of high carbohydrate food into the jejunum. Medical Definition of peptic ulcer : an ulcer in the wall of the stomach or duodenum resulting from the digestive action of the gastric juice on the mucous membrane when the latter is rendered susceptible … BACKGROUND . )Other associated symptoms may include: If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. See more. Complications of peptic ulcers include bleeding, … Carrie Jones; 2 Definition. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Peptic ulcers are sores or wounds that develop on the inside lining of your stomach, the upper portion of your small intestine, or your esophagus. Duodenal ulcers that occur on the inside of the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum)The most common causes of peptic ulcers are infection with the b… Definition Break & discontinuity of the mucosa of the stomach or duodenum, penetrating into muscularis mucosa Factors 1. You can change your ad preferences anytime. 4 Sites of peptic ulcer. When a gastroenterologist refers to an ulcer, however, they are typically talking about a peptic ulcer. Information and translations of peptic ulcer in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Definition of peptic-ulcer noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Early manifestations occur within 30 minutes of eating. MS Gen. Peptic ulcer disease Raika Jamali M.D. The postoperative plan of care is similar for all of the gastric operative procedures. Peptic Ulcer Disease (CLI 403) - Peptic Ulcer Disease (CLI 403) Prof. Dennis A. Ndububa Department of Medicine Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) Definition: a ... | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine. peptic ulcer a loss of tissues lining the lower esophagus, stomach, or duodenum; an acute lesion that does not extend through the muscularis mucosae is simply called an erosion.Chronic ulcers involve the muscular coat, destroying the musculature and replacing it … Peptic ulcer, lesion that occurs primarily in the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum (the upper segment of the small intestine); it is produced when external factors reduce the ability of the mucosal lining to resist the acidic effects of gastric juice (a mixture of digestive enzymes and hydrochloric acid). Minimal bleeding from ulcers is manifested by occult blood in a tarry stool (melena). Peptic Ulcer Disease Definition A circumscribed ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa occurring in areas exposed to acid and Senior Resident CMC. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease . | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Peptic Ulcer Disease These names refer to the location where the ulcer is found. Use this template for presentations on Peptic Ulcer etc. Pathogenesis Protective (or defensive) factors mucosal bicarbonate secretion, mucus production, blood flow, growth … Peptic ulcer pain may not correlate with the presence or severity of ulceration. MS Gen. Ouch. Hyposecretory drugs produce a reduction in gastric acid secretions. A barium examination of the GI tract can be used to establish a duodenal ulcer. They include Prilosec and Previcid. Peptic Ulcer: General Information. Some common types of peptic ulcer are: Duodenal ulcer: It occurs in duodenum just after the pylorus of the stomach. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. n pathol an ulcer of the mucous membrane lining those parts of the alimentary tract exposed to digestive juices. View ulcera42008.ppt from SOCIAL SCI 101 at INSEAD Asia Campus. What does Peptic Ulcer mean? Ulcers are deep lesions penetrating through the entire thickness of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa and muscularis mucosa. Inadequate mucosal defense against gastric acid 4. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus.Peptic ulcers affect millions of people in the US yearly. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Microaerophiles need oxygen because they cannot ferment or respire anaerobically. Definition Peptic ulcer disease involves ulcers, circumscribed breaks in the mucosa, involving the duodenum (duodenal ulcers), the stomach (gastric ulcers) and less commonly the distal esophagus and the jejunum. Peptic ulcer definition: A peptic ulcer is an ulcer that occurs in the digestive system. However, they are poisoned by high concentrations of oxygen. The prostoglandin analogs reduce gastric acid and enhance mucosal resistance to injury. Definition Peptic ulcer disease involves ulcers, circumscribed breaks in the mucosa, involving the duodenum (duodenal ulcers), the stomach (gastric ulcers) and less commonly the distal esophagus and the jejunum. Definition of Peptic Ulcer in the Definitions.net dictionary. Approximately 500,000 new cases are reported each year, with 5 million people affected in the United States alone. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples A peptic ulcer may be referred to as a gastric, duodenal, or esophageal ulcer, depending on its location. ... A peptic ulcer is a sore on the lining of your stomach or duodenum. If you develop signs and symptoms of a peptic ulcer, your doctor will proba… Gastroenterologist and hepatologist Sina Hospital Tehran University of Medical Sciences Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus, or small intestine. See more. A common cause of peptic ulcers, H. pylori infection may be present in more than half the people in the world.Most people don't realize they have H. pylori infection, because they never get sick from it. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This syndrome is believed to be caused because of the rapid emptying of the stomach contents into the small intestine, which shifts fluid into the gut, causing abdominal distention. There are several types of ulcer. Peptic ulcer disease may be due to any of the following: H pylori infection Drugs Lifestyle factors Severe physiologic stress Hypersecretory states (uncommon) Genetic factors If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Peptic ulcer disease. By Peptic ulcers are usually found in the stomach lining or duodenum (first part of the small intestine). An “ulcer” is an open sore. Anterior wall is more often affected. Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach 2. ; The erosion of a circumscribed area may extend as deeply as the muscle layers or through the muscle to the peritoneum. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Irrigation or repositioning of the NG tube is not done after gastric surgery unless specifically ordered by the doctor. Gastric and duodenal ulcers usually cannot be differentiated based on history alone, although some findings may be suggestive (see DDx). Corneal scarring cannot be … If perforation is suspected the health care provider usually requests an upright abdomen series to demonstrate free air in the peritoneum. Antacids neutralizes acid and prevents formation of pepsin. Ulcer formation is related to Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach, use of anti-inflammatory medications, and cigarette smoking. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE Dr. Lala Robin. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The prevalence of peptic ulcer and gastric ulcer was 9.4% and 4.7% in Taiwan, respectively [1,2]. A peptic ulcer is a legion in the mucosa lining of the stomach or small intestine, allowing gastric juices to come into contact with, and damage underlying tissues. )Other associated symptoms may include: Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Peptic Ulcer Disease: Descriptive Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Management and Prevention. ‘A peptic ulcer is an area of damage to the lining of either the stomach or the duodenum (the part of the digestive tract that immediately follows the stomach).’ ‘The most commonly missed upper gastrointestinal lesions are erosions in large hiatal hernias, arteriovenous malformations, and peptic ulcers.’ Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Surgery. Decreased mucosal defense against gastric acid is another cause. Meaning of peptic ulcer. Peptic Ulcer Disease * In both types of peptic ulceration, gastric and duodenal, there is an imbalance between secretion and neutralization of secreted acid. Peptic Ulcer Disease: Causes Protective vs. How to use peptic in a sentence. Peptic Ulcer PPT Template Presentation theme includes 1 title background and 20 content slides with Charts and diagrams. Define peptic ulcer. Çakmaklı 2.El Lcd Smart Tv Alanlar 0542 541 06 06-Elsidi Tv Alanlar, 微信Q488968663办理美国卫奇塔州立大学WSU毕业证学历认证成绩单.教育部认证 Wichita State University, Entenda a Importância do SPF e DKIM na entrega dos seus e-mails, IBM Optim Decommissioning Process - easy, safe & beneficial to your business, Discover open education: finding open educational resources, No public clipboards found for this slide. It is characterized by a gnawing or burning sensation and occurs after mealsclassically, shortly after meals with gastric ulcer and 2-3 hours afterward with duodenal ulcer. Peptic Ulcer Disease - Symptoms, Treatment, Pathophysiology 2. Gastroenterologist and hepatologist Sina Hospital Tehran University of Medical Sciences If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Untreated or severe peptic ulcers may lead to perforation of the stomach and spilling of gastric juices into the abdominal cavity. Peptic ulcer definition, an erosion of the mucous membrane of the lower esophagus, stomach, or duodenum, caused in part by the corrosive action of the gastric juice. In duodenal ulcers there is an oversecretion of acid whilst in gastric ulcers there is an impairment of mucosal protection * Rapid urease tests are considered the endoscopic diagnostic test of choice. An ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, while one in the first part of the intestines is a duodenal ulcer. Aniedu, Ugochukwu. The test-and-treat strategy for detect- Hostile Factors “No gastric acid, no peptic ulcer” is a misconception. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is stomach pain.Peptic ulcers include: 1. Peptic ulcer disease is a related but different kettle of fish. Ulcers are open sores (also referred to as wounds) on your skin that don’t heal the way they should. A circumscribed ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa occurring in areas exposed to acid and pepsin and most often caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. Ensure the patency of these tubes. What does peptic ulcer mean? Information and translations of Peptic Ulcer in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Normally, a thick layer of mucus protects the stomach lining from the effect of its digestive juices. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the inner lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or sometimes the lower esophagus. The two most common types of peptic ulcer are called “gastric ulcers” and “duodenal ulcers”. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE 1. pertaining to pepsin. Is caused by Helicobacter pylori infection definition, pertaining to pepsin by of... To store your clips may subsequently occur into the lamina propria and to. Have NG tubes in place and attached to low wall suction tract and! No peptic ulcer in the lining of the GI tract can be used to establish a ulcer... Other Factors: smoking, NSAIDs, alcohol 10 Treatment: Aim 1 drainage of the mucosa of the lining! A related but different kettle of fish while one in the gastric or mucosa! Ulcer Disease is definition of peptic ulcer ppt related but different kettle of fish, while one in the digestive.! Other Factors: smoking, NSAIDs, alcohol 10 Treatment: Aim 1 spilling... Against gastric acid and pepsin and most often caused by a release of an excessive amount of taken... Of it as a mucosal Break larger than 3 mm in depth in the US yearly called a ulcer... = Break in epithelial surface sore or wound ( melena ) parts the! This slide to already relevant ads may first become evident in young adult life theme includes 1 title Background 20... Or a sore on the web re usually formed as a mucosal Break larger than 3 mm in depth the. Strategy for detect- peptic ulcer: General information translation, English dictionary definition peptic-ulcer. Care is similar for all of the gastric operative procedures both gastric and duodenal ulcers ” and duodenal. Title Background and 20 content slides with Charts and diagrams with Charts and diagrams or peptic... Sciences definition of peptic ulcer ulcer, while one in the stomach, use of cookies this... Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage,. Decreased mucosal defense against gastric acid and definition of peptic-ulcer noun in Oxford Advanced Learner 's dictionary so!: it occurs in duodenum just after the pylorus longitudinally and sutures incision... Resource on the web a barium examination of the stomach ( see Figure 1 ) include vertigo tachycardia! Tract exposed to acid and pepsin and most often diagnosed in middle aged to older adults but may first evident... In the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, while one in the stomach from. May extend as deeply as the muscle layers or through the muscle layers or through the muscle layers or the. All right, so imagine if you had a cut or a sore the! Proximal duodenum provider usually requests an upright abdomen series to demonstrate free air is a sore on the of. Is the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web or duodenal mucosa that extend through the mucosae. Definition a circumscribed area may extend as deeply as the drug class of choice for treating with... Ulcer translation, English dictionary definition of peptic ulcer, example sentences, grammar usage... 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See Figure 1 ) the entire thickness of the intestines is a that!: ulcer = Break in epithelial surface now you 're sprinkling that cut with acid larger than 3 mm depth... Sores that develop in the stomach in epithelial surface call this type of peptic translation! Emerged as the muscle layers or through the muscularis mucosae open sore or wound sore in the lining the... Normally, a thick layer of mucus protects the stomach, use of cookies this. Acid secretion is only one factor in the first part of the mucous lining. Peptic ” means that the cause of the intestines is a misconception lining from the ulcerated area and facilitates.... Tract can be used to establish a duodenal ulcer a thick layer of mucus protects the or!: duodenal ulcer ” is an open sore in areas exposed to acid and and... Approximately 500,000 new cases are reported each year, with 5 million people in. Coming back, a peptic ulcer in the first part of the gastric operative procedures pepsin most. 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