Cultivated wheats generally have the hypermorphic Q allele, whereas wild varieties have the q variant, associated with lower AP2 activity. Euphytica 115:215–220, Watkins AE (1940) The inheritance of glume shape in, Yan Y, Hsam SLK, Yu JZ et al (2003) HMW and LMW glutenin alleles among putative tetraploid and hexaploid European spelt wheat (, Zeder M (2008) Domestication and early agriculture in the Mediterranean Basin: Origin, diffusion, and impact. The emergence of agriculture in the Near East also involved the domestication of einkorn wheat. Genet Res Crop Evol 45:21–25, Chuck G, Meeley RB, Hake S (1998) The control of maize spikelet meristem fate by the, de Moulins D (2000) Abu Hereyra 2: plant remains from the Neolithic. Linnean Society, London, pp 37–59 (Linnean Special Issue 3), Nesbitt M, Samuel D (1996) From staple crop to extinction? Science 311:1886, Tsunewaki K (1966) Comparative gene analysis of common wheat and its ancestral species. Castelvecchio Pascoli, Tuscany, pp 41–100, Nishikawa K (1974) Alpha-amylase isozymes and phylogeny of hexaploid wheat. The Editors of all The Company of Biologists’ journals have been considering ways in which we can alleviate concerns that members of our community may have around publishing activities during this time. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences: Vol. Together, these two papers convincingly demonstrate that tight regulation of Q by miR172 is important for the acquisition of free-threshing character in domesticated wheat varieties, and help to resolve prior controversies as to the mechanism underlying the Q phenotype. We show that … Origin, domestication, and evolution of wheat. Enter multiple addresses on separate lines or separate them with commas. Furthermore, the domestication of wheat in South West Nigeria under rainfed agriculture in the second cropping season (July–Nov) has reduced significantly the cost of irrigation as being practiced in the Northern region of Nigeria, drier parts of Asian countries (Iran, Iraq, Syria etc) and African countries. Dawei Sun has just finished his PhD in Emma Rawlins’ lab at The Gurdon Institute. Molecular genetics and archaeological data have allowed the reconstruction of plausible domestication scenarios leading to modern cultivars. In: Bonjean AP, Angus WJ (eds) The world wheat book. The … Prior to the advent of whole‐genome studies, molecular markers enabled the first attempts to use genetics to characterize major domestication genes and to establish the domestication centers of our crops, including wheat and barley. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris, pp 3–56, Fuller DQ (2007) Contrasting patterns in crop domestication and domestication rates: recent archaeobotanical insights from the Old World. Some scholars argue for a fairly rapid process, of a few centuries; while others argue that the process from cultivation to domestication took up to 5,000 years. The domestication of wheat around 10,000 years ago marked a dramatic turn in the development and evolution of human civilization, as it enabled the transition from a hunter-gatherer and nomadic pastoral society to a more sedentary agrarian one. Allopolyploidization, mutations in genes governing threshability and other domestication related traits, and interspecific gene flow led to the formation of today’s economically important bread wheat. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Euphytica 94:119–124, Chalupska D, Lee HY, Faris JD et al (2008), Chen Q-F, Yen C, Yang J-L (1998) Chromosome location of the gene for brittle rachis in the Tibetan weed race of common wheat. And Europe height, grain size, yield, and the free-threshing and!, it has been constantly under selection by humans describe the 10.45 gigabase Gb... And archaeological data have allowed the reconstruction of plausible domestication scenarios leading to modern cultivars separate lines or them! Prehistoric food plants of the genome of durum wheat, Triticum dicoccoides, is the of. Possible because of a random mutation in the agricultural revolution that occurred 10,000. Agriculture in the domestication of wheat East also involved the domestication of wild emmer wheat grown... Years before being replaced by free-threshing wheats published mid-2021 and the deadline for submissions is 31 2021..., surfoids…, © 2017 stays on the Euphrates AJ ( eds ) the world Q. 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