To further illustrate the concept of aggregate data and how it may be used in public education, consider a school with an enrollment of 500 students, which means the school maintains 500 student records, each of which contains a wide variety of information about the enrolled students—for example, first and last name, home address, date of birth, gender identification, race or ethnicity, date and period of enrollment, courses taken and completed, course-grades earned, test scores, etc. [5], Sources of aggregate data can also be regarded as tools for discovering data. aggregate data. [12] In political activity analyses, significant data such as those related to industrialisation, urbanization, as well as mass communication networks, are not expressed readily in individual levels. 3.1.4 Regression-Based Aggregate Data Analysis The three aggregate data analyses described previously can account for various factors but in a limited way. [3] Although aggregate data has wider applicability than individual-level data, it is more challenging for researchers to tackle with analysis on subgroup results when aggregate data is used. There is a distinction between aggregate data and individual data. [2] Individual data are disaggregated individual results and are used to conduct analyses for estimation of subgroup differences. translation and definition "aggregate data", Dictionary English-English online. Aggregate data refers to individual data that are averaged by geographic area, by year, by service agency, or by other means. [16] Aggregate data can also be used in non-experimental analysis such as regression discontinuity analysis and interrupted time-series analysis. patents-wipo. Learn more. This is a crucial step, since the accuracy of insights from data analysis depends heavily on the amount and quality of data used. In a data warehouse, the use of aggregate data dramatically reduces the time to query large sets of data. A related topic of debate is whether “shaming” schools located in high-poverty or high-minority communities is the best way to improve those schools or better serve the students who attend them, given that much of their performance can be attributed to factors that are beyond the control of educators working in the schools. The meaning of the term is that the variability around the individual-level means is significantly different from the variability encompassing the aggregate means. For example, educators, students, and parents in a school district may be surveyed on a topic, and the information and comments from those surveys could then be “aggregated” into a report that shows what the surveyed individuals generally think and feel about the issue. composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or … Aggregate data collected from various sources are used in different areas of studies such as comparative political analysis and APD scientific analysis for further analyses. It will also be used as a formal source for IUC statistics, as well as to oversee the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) of the IUC ADC. Researchers are able to have access towards the discoveries of international colleagues and forges collaborations to facilitate processes involved in fighting against the disease. Aggregation refers to a data mining process popular in statistics. Data aggregation is a type of data and information mining process where data is searched, gathered and presented in a report-based, summarized format to achieve specific business objectives or processes and/or conduct human analysis. The more common form of aggregate in sociology is aggregate data. Using Aggregate Data in the RST. The decision to use country averages is based on assumptions that are not only implausible but also unnecessary when firm-level data is available. Snowflakes are loose aggregates of ice crystals. [19], Statistical Abstract of the United States, United States Preventive Services Task Force, "Using Aggregate Administrative Data in Social Policy Research", "Community types, socio-economic structure and IHD mortality—A contextual analysis based on Swedish aggregate data", "Updates to Australia's financial aggregates", "Banks have lots of information about you — and they don't keep it all to themselves - ABC Life", "Statistics Â» Integrated Urgent Care Aggregate Data Collection (IUC ADC) Experimental Statistics 2019-20", "Integrated Urgent Care Aggregate Data Collection (IUC ADC) for March 2020 (Experimental)", "Research Guides: Data resources for social science: Aggregate data", "The Use of Aggregate Data in Comparative Political Analysis", "The strengths and limitations of meta-analyses based on aggregate data", "3.5 Difference between Aggregated and Patient data in a HIS", "Scientists launch data archive to bolster research on COVID-19", "Assessing the Use of Aggregate Data in the Evaluation of School-Based Interventions: Implications for Evaluation Research and State Policy Regarding Public-Use Data", "Problems Using Aggregate Data to Infer Individual Behavior: Evidence from Law, Finance, and Ownership Concentration", "Taking the aggravation out of data aggregation: A conceptual guide to dealing with statistical issues related to the pooling of individual-level observational data", Multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS), Autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aggregate_data&oldid=995352763, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 15:58. Those who advocate for the use of state report cards may argue that—regardless of the challenges schools face—parents, families, and the general public have a right to be informed about the performance of the public schools in their state and community, and that increasing transparency when it comes to school performance will lead to policies and reforms that will ultimately improve educational quality for students. Its data are sourced from the lead data providers responsible for offering integrated urgent care services in England. The district now has aggregate enrollment information about the students attending its schools. While aggregate data are essential to understanding how the public-education system is working, aggregate-data reports are generally limited to the identification of broader trends and patterns in education; they are not as useful when it comes to diagnosing deeper underlying problems such as disparities in educational performance among students of different races and ethnicities. They are obtained from analysis on the information given in the census returns. Individual-level data are not required in these non-experimental analyses. The information is packaged into aggregate reports and then sold to businesses, as well as to local, state, ... Offering a data aggregation service to a website may be attractive because of the potential that it will frequently draw users of the service from the hosting website. Meaning of aggregate data. See more. While this distinction between aggregated and disaggregated data may appear straightforward, there is a nuance worth discussing here: a lot of “disaggregated” data in education is actually data that has been technically aggregated, at some level, from records maintained on individual students. [14] Compared with aggregated data, patient data are individual data related to a single patient, including one’s name, age, diagnosis and medical history. Information is only viewable in groups and as part of a summary, not per the individual. [8], In the UK, the Integrated Urgent Care Aggregate Data Collection (IUC ADC) provides comprehensive information about IUC activity, its performance, as well as its service demand. Aggregate Data and Healthcare. Aggregate data are applied in statistics, data warehouses, and in economics. Aggregate data is high-level data which is acquired by combining individual-level data. SINCE 1828. Differences exist between results generated from aggregate data and individual data. (noun) In statistics, aggregate data describes data combined from several measurements.. The data may be gathered from multiple data sources with the intent of combining these data sources into a summaryfor data analysis. While most aggregate education data is numerical—e.g., graduation and dropout rates, average standardized-test scores for a school or district, the average amount of funding spent per student in a state, etc.—it’s both possible and common to aggregate non-numeric information. Problems Using Aggregate Data to Infer Individual Behavior: Evidence from Law, Finance, and Ownership Concentration shows that the fundamental difference in methodology is not innocuous but is often critical to their results. The ANZ also provides its business customers with anonymised data which is gathered from millions of merchant terminal transactions and ANZ card transactions. means data collected and reported at the group, cohort, or institutional level that is aggregated using protocols that are effective for preserving the anonymity of each individual included in the data. Aggregate Information means any aggregate anonymous information or data derived from Customer use of the Kinvey Platform Services that is aggregated with information and data from Kinvey’s other customers and is not specific to a person, does not include personally identifiable information, and cannot be used, alone or in conjunction with other information, to identify any specific person and … Example sentences with "aggregate data", translation memory . Official or non-official agencies also collect and compile aggregate data on an ongoing basis through utilising infrastructures available within a department at the field level. [18] With the aggregate concept, things other than the individual equivalents of aggregate data are expressed, which means that individual-level conclusions cannot be drawn. LOG IN; REGISTER; settings. Aggregate supply and demand is a visual representation of the results of two aggregate functions, one performed on a production data set and another on a spending data set. When data is aggregated, groups of observations are replaced with summary statistics based on those observations.[4]. Aggregate data are also used for medical and educational purposes. Aggregates occupy 70 to 80% of the volume of concrete. Data aggregation is any process whereby data is gathered and expressed in a summary form. [3] ‘Ecological fallacy’ means that it is invalid for users to draw conclusions on the ecological relationships between two quantitative variables at the individual level. They are a compilation of aggregated, or summarised, calculations of the number of individuals, household residents, or families in particular geographic areas with specific characteristics, or compounds of characteristics, taken from the subjects of people and places, populations, families, health, ethnicity and religion, housing and work. The district could not, however, determine whether there have been increases or declines in the enrollment of white and non-white students based on the aggregate data it received from its schools. Policymakers can employ aggregate data to better understand the developments of a country’s economic and financial conditions. For example, interrupted time-series analysis estimates the impact brought by a school-level program through comparing a school’s achievement before and after the program is launched where individual-level data are not necessary. [17] Information loss occurs because aggregation of data ignores individual variation as if it were only a type of statistical noise or measurement error. They also focus on the behaviour of areal units, including electoral constituencies and nations. Using Aggregate Data . Each school in the district will then compile a report that documents the number of students currently enrolled in the school and in each grade level, which requires administrators to summarize data from all their individual student records to produce the enrollment reports. [9] The National Health Service (NHS) under the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) in England stated that this collection of aggregate data is going to replace the NHS 111 minimum dataset. What does aggregate data mean? Banks are not permitted to share customers’ personal data, but aggregate data can be shared with banks’ business customers and can be accessed by other partners who also use the same platform to acquire information on aggregate data. (the information collected and maintained on individual students is often called student-level data, among other terms). formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower. To cite one illustrative example, however, a common point of contention is the tendency for schools located in high-poverty or high-minority communities to receive significantly lower grades on state report cards. Information and translations of aggregate data in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. This refers to summary statistics that describe a group or a social trend. Synonyms: full, sum, sum total… Find the right word. [5] Aggregate data are useful for researchers when they are interested in investigating on the relationships between two distinct variables at the aggregate level, and the connections between an aggregate variable and a characteristic at the individual level. GAMES; BROWSE THESAURUS; WORD OF THE DAY; WORDS AT PLAY. Cases are aggregated based on the value of zero or more break (grouping) variables. These schools tend to serve a higher-need student population with larger learning deficits, to be underfunded (compared to wealthier districts), to have less-experienced or less-skilled teachers, and to face an array of additional obstacles that contribute to lower performance—yet the aggregate data presented in state report cards may not provide this contextual information. Another word for aggregate: total, body, whole, amount, collection | Collins English Thesaurus The amount of funds borrowed by businesses for purposes including project investments, assets purchases, or cash flow managements are also measured using credit aggregates. Find another word for aggregate. Information and translations of aggregate data in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. [5], Aggregate data are used by governments to develop more effective policies because they serve as a measure of how capable a government is to be aware of the demands and needs of its citizens and a measure of the way a government maintains social order effectively. Around the World use of aggregate data collects, combines and communicates in. In an economy at a particular time in concrete, cement reacts with water and ensuing cement sets. 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