crucify to themselves the Son of God--"are crucifiying to themselves" Christ, instead of, like Paul, crucifying the world unto them by the cross of Christ ( Galatians 6:14 ). inherit the promises--Greek, "who are inheriting," &c.; to whom the promises are their inheritance. Expressing the utmost benignity [BENGEL]. I prefer, "The oath is to them, in respect to confirmation (of one's solemn promise or covenant; as here, God's), an end of all contradiction (so the Greek is translated, Hebrews 12:3 ), or "gainsaying." whose--"of which (land) the end is unto burning," namely, with the consuming fire of the last judgment; as the land of Sodom was given to "brimstone, salt, and burning" ( Deuteronomy 29:23 ); so as to the ungodly ( Matthew 3:10 Matthew 3:12 , 7:19 , 13:30 , John 15:6 , 2 Peter 3:10 ). Every Protestant commentary has trouble with this because, to them, justification and salvation are the same thing, but they are not!Their belief flies in the face of the reality of God's Word. Wherein--that is, Which being the case among men, God, in accommodation to their manner of confirming covenants, superadded to His sure word His oath: the "TWO immutable things" ( Hebrews 6:18 ). We must proceed from the first principles of the doctrine of Christ unto perfection, and not lay the foundation a second time, Hebrews 6:1-3. The apostle is not speaking of the falling away of mere professors, never convinced or influenced by the gospel. 1 So we must go on from the first lessons that we learned about Christ. "He cares alike for great and small, and overlooks none." Compare "How often," Matthew 23:37 . Hebrews Chapter 6 is one of the more discussed chapters of Hebrews and is used by those of both Arminist [1] and Calvinists [2] as a proof text to justify their position of the “saved” believer. Hebrews 6:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 6:6, NIV: "and who have fallen away, to be brought back to repentance.To their loss they are crucifying the Son of God all over again and subjecting him to public disgrace." Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 6:1-8 Every part of the truth and will of God should be set before all who profess the gospel, and be urged on their hearts and consciences. Often Hebrews 6:4-6 is misinterpreted to teach that a saved person can be lost after they have been saved. This "nigh" softens the severity of the previous "It is impossible," &c. ( Hebrews 6:4 Hebrews 6:6 ). Nor does it prove that any one who is made a new creature in Christ, ever becomes a final apostate from him. 1. if God permit--For even in the case of good resolutions, we cannot carry them into effect, save through God "working in us both to will and to do of His good pleasure" ( Philippians 2:13 ). unto the end--the coming of Christ. The ground is not yet actually cursed. . Hebrews 6 Commentary; Hebrews 7 Commentary; Hebrews 8 Commentary; Hebrews 9 Commentary; Hebrews 10 Commentary; Hebrews 11 Commentary; Hebrews 12 Commentary; Hebrews 13 Commentary; ALBERT BARNES Hebrews Commentary Notes on the New Testament. patience--Greek, "long-suffering endurance." Christ is the object and ground of the believer's hope. (Hebrews 6:1-2) Leaving... the first principles is not enjoined in the sense of departing from those fundamental things, but in the sense of progressing beyond them, the overwhelming importance of the things mentioned being inherent in the fact of their being called "first principles" and "a foundation." The world to come thus stands in contrast to course of this world, altogether disorganized because God is not its spring of action and end. That’s what we are reading in Hebrews 6:4–8. every one of you--implying that all in the Palestinian churches had not shown the same diligence as some of those whom he praises in Hebrews 6:10 . thither the hope of the body, too, is called. to the Holy of Holies. This passage shows: (1) an oath is sanctioned even in the Christian dispensation as lawful; (2) that the limits to its use are, that it only be employed where it can put an end to contradiction in disputes, and for confirmation of a solemn promise. Compare Matthew 22:7 , "burned up their city" an earnest of a like fate to all wilful abusers of God's grace ( Hebrews 10:26 Hebrews 10:27 ). The Hebrews are urged to go forward in the doctrine of Christ, and the consequences of apostacy, or turning back, are described. and have not yet received them; such strength hone has. Dost thou not yet believe, thou that hearest the promise? Of these it is said, that it is impossible to renew them again unto repentance. Hence, too, he mentions "faith toward God," and not explicitly faith toward Christ (though of course included). Believers not only taste of the word of God, but they drink it in. will"; words akin. This "world to come," in its future aspect, thus corresponds to "resurrection of the dead and eternal life" ( Hebrews 6:2 ), the first Christian principles which the Hebrew believers had been taught, by the Christian light being thrown back on their Old Testament for their instruction "The world to come," which, as to its "powers," exists already in the redeemed, will pass into a fully realized fact at Christ's coming ( Colossians 3:4 ). Hebrews must be read in light of the law. to lie--"ever to lie"; this is the force of the Greek aorist [ALFORD]. The Montanists and Novatians used this passage to justify the lasting exclusion from the Church of those who had once lapsed. "He now gives consolation, by the oath of God's grace, to those whom, in the second, third, and fourth chapters, he had warned by the oath of God's 'wrath.' 9. beloved--appositely here introduced; LOVE to you prompts me in the strong warnings I have just given, not that I entertain unfavorable thoughts of you; nay, I anticipate better things of you; Greek "the things which are better"; that ye are not thorn-bearing, or nigh unto cursing, and doomed unto burning, but heirs of salvation in accordance with God's faithfulness ( Hebrews 6:10 ). We ought to keep festal day, since Christ has taken up and set in the heavens the first-fruit of our lump, that is, the human flesh [CHRYSOSTOM]. as God, He needed to enter there, but as our High Priest, representing and introducing us, His followers, opening the way to us, by His intercession with the Father. This accounts for the omission of distinct specification of some essential first principle of Christian truth. This passage probably originated the application of the term "illumination" to baptism in subsequent times. And have fallen away — Here is not a supposition, but a plain relation of fact. eternal judgment--judgment fraught with eternal consequences either of joy or of woe. If those who through mistaken views of this passage, as well as of their own case, fear that there is no mercy for them, would attend to the account given of the nature of this sin, that it is a total and a willing renouncing of Christ, and his cause, and joining with his enemies, it would relieve them from wrong fears. . There is the long-suffering patience, or endurance of love, 1 Corinthians 13:4 , and that of faith, Hebrews 6:15 . Therefore--Wherefore: seeing that ye ought not now to be still "babes" ( Hebrews 5:11-14 ). 8. that which--rather as Greek (no article), "But if it (the 'land,' Hebrews 6:7 ) bear"; not so favorable a word as "bringeth forth," Hebrews 6:7 , said of the good soil. Things that are linked unto salvation (compare Hebrews 6:19 ). Here observe, those to whom God has given full security of happiness, have a title to the promises by inheritance. But the merely nominal Christian, continuing unfruitful under the means of grace, or producing nothing but deceit and selfishness, was near the awful state above described; and everlasting misery was the end reserved for him. These promises of God may safely be depended upon; for here we have two things which cannot change, the counsel and the oath of God, in which it is not possible for God to lie; it would be contrary to his nature as well as to his will. A person who has been justified can fall away, just as verse 6 says. Shechem, that is, shoulder, the government is upon his shoulder ( Isaiah 9:6 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. them who . You must not relinquish this to a commentator. For--confirming the reasonableness of resting on "the promises" as infallibly sure, resting as they do on God's oath, by the instance of Abraham. tasted of the heavenly gift--tasted for themselves. so as to enable us, after Him. Hope is found represented on coins by an anchor. Bezer, that is, a fortress, Christ is so to all who trust in Him. And this fruitful field or garden receives the blessing. As "enlightened" refers to the sense of sight: so here taste follows. A confirmation of the Pauline authorship of this Epistle. If--Greek, "And (yet) have fallen away"; compare a less extreme falling or declension, Galatians 5:4 , "Ye are fallen from grace." Hebrews 6:4-6, is the section often in question. © 2021 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, and have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, if they shall fall away, — The "for us" implies that it was not for Himself. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. . Hebrews 10:26 says that a person who sins willfully cannot be brought back to salvation. All Rights Reserved. heirs of promise--not only Abraham's literal, but also his spiritual, seed ( Galatians 3:29 ). multiply--Hebraism for superabundantly multiply. View Hebrews . The opposite of "rejected," Hebrews 6:8 . The Hebrews are urged to go forward in the doctrine of Christ, and the consequences of apostacy, or turning back, are described. . Hebrews 6:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 6:10, NIV: "God is not unjust; he will not forget your work and the love you have shown him as you have helped his people and continue to help them." let us go on--Greek, "let us be borne forward," or "bear ourselves forward"; implying active exertion: press on. Each of us must walk in the light we have. and through Him, to enter within the veil. Compare "the full assurance of faith," Hebrews 10:22 , Romans 4:21 , 1 Thessalonians 1:5 . Illumination, however, was not supposed to be the inseparable accompaniment of baptism: thus CHRYSOSTOM says, "Heretics have baptism, not illumination: they are baptized in body, but not enlightened in soul: as Simon Magus was baptized, but not illuminated." The writer to the Hebrews is not saying it is just difficult, but truly without possibility. We should not go back to those first lessons again and again. There are things that are never separated from salvation; things that show the person to be in a state of salvation, and which will end in eternal salvation. sure and steadfast--sure in respect to us: steadfast, or "firm" [ALFORD], in itself. Not because the blood of Christ is not sufficient to obtain pardon for this sin; but this sin, in its very nature, is opposite to repentance and every thing that leads to it. (9,10) And encourages them to persevere in faith and holiness. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. . Nor are such sins meant, as Christians fall into through the strength of temptations, or the power of some worldly or fleshly lust. . God will be no man's debtor. The free grace of God, the merits and mediation of Christ, and the powerful influences of his Spirit, are the grounds of this hope, and so it is a stedfast hope. This passage implies that persons may be in some sense "renewed," and yet fall away finally; for the words, "renew again," imply that they have been, in some sense, not the full sense, ONCE RENEWED by the Holy Ghost; but certainly not that they are "the elect," for these can never fall away, being chosen unto everlasting life ( John 10:28 ). Let us watch with humble caution and prayer as to ourselves. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. of Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 6:1-8 Every part of the truth and will of God should be set before all who profess the gospel, and be urged on their hearts and consciences. He will not become slothful who keeps always the end in view; hope is the means of ensuring this. Rather than regress, they must begin to make progress. Proud member The elect abide in Christ, hear and continuously obey His voice, and do not fall away. Gospel hope is our anchor in the storms of this world. [BENGEL]. 18. immutable--Translate, as in Hebrews 6:17 , "unchangeable." Read Numbers 15:30–31. as the Aaronic high priest entered the Holiest Place once a year to make propitiation for the people. and heavenly goods. First, many biblical texts teach that true believers cannot be lost (John 6:39-40; 10:27-30; Rom. 19. The "for" in Hebrews 6:4 refers to this:I say, if God permit, for there are cases where God does not permit, for example, "it is impossible," &c. Without God's blessing, the cultivation of the ground does not succeed ( Hebrews 6:7 ). blessing--fruitfulness. Greek, "baptismoi," plural, including Jewish and Christian baptisms, are to be distinguished from baptisma, singular, restricted to Christian baptism. But, beloved — In this one place he calls them so. His word would have been amply enough; but, to make assurance doubly sure, He "interposed with an oath" (so the Greek). We already know that we must turn away from wrong things that lead to death. It is sure and stedfast, or it could not keep us so. The hope here meant, is a sure looking for good things promised, through those promises, with love, desire, and valuing of them. veil--Greek, "catapetasma": the second veil which shut in the Holiest Place. Not that we have any inherent right to claim reward; for (1) a servant has no merit, as he only does that which is his bounden duty; (2) our best performances bear no proportion to what we leave undone; (3) all strength comes from God; but God has promised of His own grace to reward the good works of His people (already accepted through faith in Christ); it is His promise, not our merits, which would make it unrighteous were He not to reward His people's works. "This," that is, "Go on unto perfection." We need an anchor to keep us sure and steady. followers--Greek, "imitators"; so in Ephesians 5:1 , Greek; 1 Corinthians 11:1 . Jewish believers passed, by an easy transition, from Jewish baptismal purifications ( Hebrews 9:10 , "washings"), baptism of proselytes, and John's baptism, and legal imposition of hands, to their Christian analogues, baptism, and the subsequent laying on of hands, accompanied by the gift of the Holy Ghost (compare Hebrews 6:4 ). 6 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, 2 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. The three pairs of truths enumerated are designedly such as JEWISH believers might in some degree have known from the Old Testament, but had been taught more clearly when they became Christians. where it lays hold on God Himself. The consolations of God are strong enough to support his people under their heaviest trials. more abundantly--than had He not sworn. Hebrews 6:4-6. impossible . by whom--rather as Greek, "for (that is, on account of) whom," namely, the lords of the soil; not the laborers, as English Version, namely, God and His Christ ( 1 Corinthians 3:9 ). the principles of the doctrine--Greek, "the word of the beginning," that is, the discussion of the "first principles of Christianity ( Hebrews 5:12 ). 5. tasted the good word of God--distinct from "tasted OF (genitive) the heavenly gift"; we do not yet enjoy all the fulness of Christ, but only have a taste OF Him, the heavenly gift now; but believers may taste the whole word (accusative case) of God already, namely, God's "good word of promise." The heart of man is the earth; man is the dresser; herbs are brought forth meet, not for the dresser, by whom, but for God, the owner of the soil, for whom it is dressed. And--Greek, "But." The first and most obvious elementary instruction of Jews would be the teaching them the typical significance of their own ceremonial law in its Christian fulfilment [ALFORD]. 10 God is not unjust; he will not forget your work and the love you have shown him as you have helped his people and continue to help them. compass of Christian experiences, may yet cease to abide in them; he who abides not in them, was, at the very time when he had those objective experiences, not subjectively true to them; otherwise there would have been fulfilled in him, "Whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance" ( Matthew 13:12 ), so that he would have abided in them and not have fallen away" [THOLUCK]. We must "go on toward perfection"; for if we fall away, after having received enlightenment, it will be … They needed, besides love, patient perseverance, resting on hope and faith ( Hebrews 10:36 , 13:7 ). 3 And God permitting, we will do so. . leaving--getting further forward than the elementary "principles." Every part of the truth and will of God should be set before all who profess the gospel, and be urged on their hearts and consciences... View the entire commentary. Literally, He acted as Mediator, coming between Himself and us; as if He were less, while He swears, than Himself by whom He swears (for the less among men usually swear by the greater). The humbled sinner who pleads guilty, and cries for mercy, can have no ground from this passage to be discouraged, whatever his conscience may accuse him of. The outer veil was called by a distinct Greek term, calumma: "the second (that is, the inner) veil.". "It is the curse of evil eternally to propagate evil" [THOLUCK]. 9 Even though we speak like this, dear friends, we are convinced of better things in your case—the things that have to do with salvation. And so in Hebrews 6 the author encourages them to move on to bigger and better things. Hebrews 4:6. 8:28-39). 4. . Neither is he speaking of partial declinings or backslidings. counsel--Greek, "willing . Repentance and faith were the first principles taught under the Gospel. The promise of blessedness God has made to believers, is from God's eternal purpose, settled between the eternal Father, Son, and Spirit. Jerusalem, which had so resisted the grace of Christ, was then nigh unto cursing, and in a few years was burned. Let us therefore set our affections on things above, and wait patiently for his appearance, when we shall certainly appear with him in glory. This is exactly in St. Paul’s manner of softening the harsh things he found himself obliged to write. we are persuaded--on good grounds; the result of proof. willing . —The connection of thought has been already explained (Hebrews 6:3); the general meaning will be examined below (Hebrews 6:6).It will be seen that the greater part of this long sentence is dependent on the word “renew” in Hebrews 6:6, “It is impossible to renew again unto repentance those who were once,” &c. Hebrews 6:4-6. 6 Therefore let us move beyond the elementary teachings about Christ and be taken forward to maturity, not laying again the foundation of repentance from acts that lead to death, [] and of faith in God, 2 instruction about cleansing rites, [] the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment. In opposition to "nigh unto cursing." Paul, as elsewhere, gives them the utmost credit for their graces, while delicately hinting the need of perseverance, a lack of which had probably somewhat begun to show itself. 2. the doctrine of baptisms--paired with "laying on of hands," as the latter followed on Christian baptism, and answers to the rite of confirmation in Episcopal churches. Golan, that is, joy, for in Him all the saints are justified and shall glory. The works of love, done for the glory of Christ, or done to his saints for Christ's sake, from time to time, as God gives occasion, are evident marks of a man's salvation; and more sure tokens of saving grace given, than the enlightenings and tastings spoken of before. "The heavenly gift"; Christ given by the Father and revealed by the enlightening word preached and written: as conferring peace in the remission of sins; and as the Bestower of the gift of the Holy Spirit ( Acts 8:19 Acts 8:20 ), made partakers of the Holy Ghost--specified as distinct from, though so inseparably connected with, "enlightened," and "tasted of the heavenly gift," Christ, as answering to "laying on of hands" after baptism, which was then generally accompanied with the impartation of the Holy Ghost in miraculous gifts. which entereth into that--that is the place within the veil--two images beautifully combined: (1) The soul is the ship: the world the sea: the bliss beyond the world, the distant coast; the hope resting on faith, the anchor which prevents the vessel being tossed to and fro; the encouraging consolation through the promise and oath of God, the cable connecting the ship and anchor. Contrast God's curse causing unfruitfulness ( Genesis 3:17 Genesis 3:18 ); also spiritually ( Jeremiah 17:5-8 ). The six particulars here specified had been, as it were, the Christian Catechism of the Old Testament; and such Jews who had begun to recognize Jesus as the Christ immediately on the new light being shed on these fundamental particulars, were accounted as having the elementary principles of the doctrine of Christ [BENGEL]. Christ's ascension is our promotion: and whither the glory of the Head has preceded. Such a one was never truly a Spirit-led disciple of Christ ( Romans 8:14-17 ). once enlightened--once for all illuminated by the word of God taught in connection with "baptism" (to which, in Hebrews 6:2 , as once for all done," once enlightened" here answers); compare Ephesians 5:26 . 17. The first-fruits of our nature are ascended, and so the rest is sanctified. All rights reserved. i. set before us--as a prize for which we strive; a new image, namely, the race course ( Hebrews 12:1 Hebrews 12:2 ). 2. "Hope, entering within heaven, hath made us already to be in the things promised to us, even while we are still below. which drinketh in--Greek, "which has drunk in"; not merely receiving it on the surface. Hebrews 6:10, ESV: "For God is not unjust so as to overlook your work and the love that you have shown for his name in serving the saints, as you still do." This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. 6. sanctified, an unholy thing." nigh unto cursing--on the verge of being given up to its own barrenness by the just curse of God. And the things that accompany salvation, are better things than ever any dissembler or apostate enjoyed. "And this will we do, if God permit." Ramoth, that is, high, for Him hath God exalted with His right hand ( Acts 5:31 ). (4) For it is impossible for those . 16. for confirmation--not to be joined, as English Version, to "an oath"; but to "an end" [ALFORD]. Therefore, leaving the discussion of the elementary principles of Christ, let us go on to … . He never uses this appellation but in exhorting; we are persuaded better things of you — Than those intimated verges 4-6. "The Son of God," marking His dignity, shows the greatness of their offense. The sin against the Holy Ghost, though somewhat similar, is not identical with this sin; for that sin may be committed by those outside the Church (as in Matthew 12:24 Matthew 12:31 Matthew 12:32 ); this, only by those inside. bringeth forth--as the natural result of "having drunk in the rain." Hebrews 6:7 and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame. consolation--under doubts and fears, and so "encouragement," literally, "exhortation." Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. "The soul clings, as one in fear of shipwreck to an anchor, and sees not whither the cable of the anchor runs--where it is fastened: but she knows that it is fastened behind the veil which hides the future glory." repentance from dead works--namely, not springing from the vital principle of faith and love toward God, and so counted, like their doer, dead before God. The oath of wrath did not primarily extend its force beyond the wilderness; but the oath of grace is in force for ever" [BENGEL]. . We must "go on toward perfection"; for if we fall away, after having received enlightenment, it will be impossible to renew us again to repentance. . They Must Progress (Hebrews 6:1-2) Hebrews 6:1a. rejected by the Lord. So in Hebrews 10:29 , "trodden under foot the Son of God, and counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith . These verses mean exactly what they say. The argument here refers to Abraham himself as an example; therefore Paul quotes Genesis 22:17 , "thee," instead of "thy seed.". things that accompany--Greek, "things that hold by," that is, are close unto "salvation." 13. 12. be not--Greek, "become not." “Will we do”: The writer is likely both giving his own testimony … We should not be always speaking about outward things; these have their places and use, but often take up too much attention and time, which might be better employed. By their love he sharpens their hope and faith. Therefore, there immediately follows the clause, "the powers of the world to come." In other words, Hebrews is written to deepen and strengthen the joy of our assurance in God, and one of the strategies of the book is to expose false assurances and fleeting pleasures. The Catholic Church always opposed this view, and readmitted the lapsed on their repentance, but did not rebaptize them. Without faith it is impossible to please God (Hebrews 11:6). Reprobate . See above. James Rosscup writes that Barnes "includes 16 volumes on the Old Testament, 11 on the New Testament. herbs--provender. . Resources » Commentaries » Hebrews » Chapter 6 » exegesis. labour of love--The oldest manuscripts omit "labor of," which probably crept in from 1 Thessalonians 1:3 . He who abides not in Christ, is cast forth as a withered branch; but he who abides in Him becomes more and more free from sin; the wicked one cannot touch him; and he by faith overcomes the world. 7. the earth--rather as Greek (no article), "land." desire--Greek, "earnestly desire." It is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats can take away sin (Hebrews 10:4). 11. His not being able to deny Himself is a proof, not of weakness, but of strength incomparable. Paul, in teaching, here classifies himself with the Hebrew readers, or (as they ought to be) learners, and says, Let us together press forward. fled for refuge--as if from a shipwreck; or, as one fleeing to one of the six cities of refuge. The excellence of … As "love" occurs here, so "hope," Hebrews 6:11 , "faith," Hebrews 6:12 ; as in 1 Corinthians 13:13 : the Pauline triad. perfection--the matured knowledge of those who are "of full age" ( Hebrews 5:14 ) in Christian attainments. This repentance from dead works is therefore paired with "faith toward God." But the falling away here mentioned, is an open and avowed renouncing of Christ, from enmity of heart against him, his cause, and people, by men approving in their minds the deeds of his murderers, and all this after they have received the knowledge of the truth, and tasted some of its comforts. Here an entire and wilful apostasy is meant; the Hebrews had not yet so fallen away; but he warns them that such would be the final result of retrogression, if, instead of "going on to perfection," they should need to learn again the first principles of Christianity ( Hebrews 6:1 ). The distressed condition of the Palestinian Christians appears from the collection for them. 3. will we do--So some of the oldest manuscripts read; but others, "Let us do." Hebrews 6. Such have nothing to fall away from, but an empty name, or hypocritical profession. (11-20) Commentary on Hebrews 6:1-8 (Read Hebrews 6… Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 6 and more! A temporary faith is possible, without one thereby being constituted one of the elect ( mark 4:16 mark 4:17 ). The writer now, in Hebrews 4:6-9, gathers up the argument, and reaches his conclusion that a Sabbatism remains for God’s people. There are things that are never separated from salvation; things that show the person to be in a state of salvation, and which will end in eternal salvation. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. resurrection, &c.--held already by the Jews from the Old Testament: confirmed with clearer light in Christian teaching or "doctrine." And as He cannot lie; the destruction of the unbeliever, and the salvation of the believer, are alike certain. (1-8) The apostle expresses satisfaction, as to the most of them. The plural is general, the owners whoever they may be; here God. "As in building a house one must never leave the foundation: yet to be always laboring in 'laying the foundation' would be ridiculous" [CALVIN]. from God--Man's use of means is vain unless God bless ( 1 Corinthians 3:6 1 Corinthians 3:7 ). Not such an anchor as will not keep the vessel from tossing, or an anchor unsound or too light [THEOPHYLACT]. . The absence of the Greek article requires ALFORD'S translation, "Where. The willful sin here is a denial of the faith, a presumptive trampling of the Gospel of Christ. "The world to come," is the Christian dispensation, viewed especially in its future glories, though already begun in grace here. The rain of heaven falls both on the elect and the apostates. The powers of this new spiritual world, partly exhibited in outward miracles at that time, and then, as now, especially consisting in the Spirit's inward quickening influences are the earnest of the coming inheritance above, and lead the believer who gives himself up to the Spirit to seek to live as the angels, to sit with Christ in heavenly places, to set the affections on things above, and not on things on earth, and to look for Christ's coming and the full manifestation of the world to come.

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