An official investigation found that its bow door had been ripped off by the heavy seas, flooding the car deck. On the northern-most point of the Island of Hiiumaa is a memorial to the 852 victims entombed in the wreckage of the MS Estonia 30 miles to the north. The three countries have agreed that verification of the new information presented in the documentary will be made in accordance and full respect of the Agreement between the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Finland and the Kingdom of Sweden regarding the M/S Estonia signed in 1995. Official investigations concluded that the bow “visor” was “under-designed” for the Baltic Sea. very interesting topic.. i had fun reading this lens, very nice! I am quite sure that most of the information of Estonia is in Estonian - my native language, so maybe I will write an hub about information which you may not no. MS Estonia started out as the cruiseferry MS Viking Sally (seen here in Stockholm circa 1980s). Enelle Lamb from Canada's 'California' on October 29, 2012: Very interesting piece. The sinking of the MS Estonia remains the worst European peacetime maritime disaster, and the second worst maritime disaster involving a European made boat since the Titanic. David Hunt (author) from Cedar Rapids, Iowa on October 08, 2012: Nice to hear from you, Richawriter, and thanks for the great comment. The sinking of the ferry vessel MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea marks the second-deadliest peacetime sinking of a European ship, after the Titanic, as well as the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have taken place in European waters. I was in Thailand (still am) when the 2004 tsunami hit and the scale of it was huge, so many lives swept away. What exactly caused the M/S Estonia passenger ferry to sink in 1994, causing 852 deaths from 17 countries? Wow. In 2020, a documentary team, using a German-flagged ship to circumvent the prohibition to approach the site, used a remote-controlled probe to investigate the wreckage. David Hunt (author) from Cedar Rapids, Iowa on July 13, 2012: Very interesting comment, Estonian. I am frequently in Estonia and have friends who lost a relative. Apr 8, 2017 - ms estonia was a Swedish ferry known as the viking line that sunk in 1994 after bow visor failure . Instead, the area where the ship lies about 260 feet beneath the waves was declared a sea grave, which prohibited further exploration of the wreckage. A memorial ceremony in Tallinn, Estonia, in 2019, marking the 25th anniversary of the sinking of the ferry. Kate McBride from Donegal Ireland on October 14, 2012: I didn't hear of this incident at the time but this well-researched and informative hub gives so much information about it. Capten of the ship was rescued and interviewed after the accident. What made it headline news around the world was the huge loss of life. Your piece is the first that I have heard of this incident. They discovered a previously unknown 4 meters-wide (13 feet) hole in the hull that is “unlikely” to have been caused by a rock on the seabed, but, more likely a collision with a submarine. Yes, theories and questions continue to swirl around the MS Estonia. As a preliminary step, thousands of tons of pebbles were dropped on the site, but then, after protest from the survivor families, the idea was abandoned. “It created heavy damage.”. A year later, a treaty called the Estonia Agreement 1995 between Estonia, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Poland, Denmark, Russia and the United Kingdom was signed, prohibiting their citizens from even approaching the wreck, declaring it an official burial ground. The Estonia Agreement 1995, a treaty among Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, D… The sinking of the MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea remains the deadliest peacetime shipwreck in European waters for centuries. As Estonia's largest ship, it symbolized their recent independence from Russia. See more ideas about ms estonia, viking line, estonia. When the wind blows at the same strength and in the same direction it was blowing the night of the disaster, the bell tolls. Talking to … I am very glad to meet you, SilverRingvee and glad you read and commented here. But a new series has raised disturbing fresh details. I know how you feel. A cousin in Sweden called and said he'd pay his expenses to fly there and research the sinking of the MS Estonia. An undated photograph of the Estonia ferry. New evidence emerges in Europe’s worst peacetime maritime disaster - the sinking of MS Estonia in 1994 The passenger ferry MS Estonia in the docks in … On Wednesday 28th September 1994 at 01:50 (UTC +2) the MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea during a storm, on a routine crossing from the port of Tallinn in Estonia to Stockholm in Sweden. It was the biggest peacetime loss of life on the Baltic Sea in history. I didn't realize that an agreement had been signed prohibiting any contact with the wreck....does make you wonder though yes? What has the UK got to do with the wreck and why should it be involved? One survivor, Carl Eric Reintamm, said that he had seen a large white object in the water next to the ferry, testimony that experts interviewed for the show said had not been taken into account before. It is my understanding that all the Baltic Sea countries signed the prohibition treaty, but also interestingly also the UK. The oceangoing passenger and car ferry, the Estonia, was en route from the Estonian capital, Tallinn, to Stockholm when it was stricken and sank rapidly in stormy seas. David Hunt (author) from Cedar Rapids, Iowa on November 06, 2012: SilverRingvee, if you do write it, that would be a great hub and very interesting. The ship went down in less than an hour, with only 137 survivors. I try to make history readable and interesting, warts and all. Bodies of victims of the disaster were transferred to land in 1994. “It can also be that it weighed less and traveled faster,” Mr. Evertsson said. Thanks for sharing it. Twenty minutes later, at 1:50 AM on September 28, 1994, the Estonia slipped from the radar screens and sank in 275 feet of water. Thanks for commenting, Enelle. 852 people were clai… The ship's 1994 sinking, in the Baltic Sea between Sweden, Åland, Finland and Estonia, was one of the worst maritime disasters of the 20th century. Happy Thanksgiving to you and yours. They decided not to enter the vessel to avoid disturbing any remains. Today we belong to EU, and were not happy about it at all. But then it changed its mind, refusing all pleas from the bereaved relatives to bring the Estonia to the surface, although it sank in shallow waters. In fact, I can now find no public domain photos of MS Estonia and had to resort to showing a model. Estonia previously sailed as Viking Sally (1980–1990), Silja Star (1990–1991), and Wasa King (1991–1993).. Viking Line As MS Viking Sally. The day after the Baltic ferry Estonia sank on September 28, 1994, Swedish newspapers reported that a "monster wave" was the likely cause of the ferry's sinking. The Estonia headed off into near-gale conditions with 40 mph winds whipping up waves nearly 20 feet high. The Estonia had been given a golden pass, declaring her fit to sail anywhere in the world, yet she had sunk with a great loss of life and everyone wanted to know why. David Hunt (author) from Cedar Rapids, Iowa on January 13, 2013: Thank you for commenting, Trail Finder. The general Einseln returned to Estonia 1993 to take command of its military forces from US. The sinking of the ferry vessel MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea is an accident that will haunt the maritime domain for long years and even beyond. The Baltic Sea entombs tens and tens of thousands of victims from many sinkings thoughout history. It may be an attempt to blunt bad publicity. David Hunt (author) from Cedar Rapids, Iowa on October 29, 2012: Yes. Well aware of the penalty they might face, Mr. Evertsson and Mr. Mondal decided to go ahead and use a remotely operated underwater camera to map out the entire hull of the ship. I learned a lot and I'm shocked that I had never heard of this terrible disaster until I read your hub. Passengers and crew reported similar sounds from the front of the ship for the next 15 minutes until the visor actually separated and water poured in, flooding the vehicle deck and causing the Estonia to list heavily starboard (to its right). On board were 989 passengers and crew-- 803 passengers (mostly Swedes) and 186 crew (mostly Estonians). The ship had been expected in Stockholm the next morning at about 09:30. Thanks very much for the comment, Wesman. At the time of the MS Estonia disaster nearly 1,000 people were aboard it, both voyagers and crewing personnel included and only a minuscule proportion of people were managed to be successfully saved from the wreckage of the unfortunate vessel. A mayday call was released shortly after midnight, but when the rescue mission commenced, it was only possible to save 137 lives. The sinking of the vessel, which killed 852 people, is one of Europe’s worst maritime disasters. Many of the twentieth century's worst disasters occurred during wartime as a result of military action. Divers from non-signatory nations have also been stopped from diving-- in international waters. I think that the prohibition feeds many conspiracy theories. Ill-fated Estonia Ferry used for Weapons Transfers. The Estline ferry was sailing from Estonia to Sweden in bad weather and heavy seas when it sent a distress signal saying it was listing heavily. Most of the passengers were Swedish, although some were of Estonian origin, while mo… The Estonia, they concluded, was designed for coastal waters, not the open sea. Usually ships make a little stop to commemorate Estonia. very nifty :). We want to be independent country with our own decisions. Concluding, the sinking of the ferry vessel MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea marks the second-deadliest peacetime sinking of a European ship, after the Titanic, as well as the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have taken place in European waters. Sinking of Estonia is very serious topic for me. Stephen Walsh from Brookline, MA on September 29, 2012: I had not known much about this incident until reading this article. As I mentioned in the hub, I had heard of the "ferry" disaster when it happened, but had pictured a typical car ferry, say basically a glorified barge. Markku Ulander/Lehtikuva, via Agence France-Presse — Getty Images. It may mean nothing. A car and passenger ferry, MS Estonia, has sunk in the Baltic Sea with 950 people on board. Glad you enjoyed it. Thanks very much for reading and commenting (despite the long wait). Of the 989 on board, only 138 were rescued alive (one of whom died later in hospital). A 1997 investigation found that the ship's bow door locks had failed in a storm. The sinking of the MS Estonia was the largest maritime disaster to happen in the Baltic Seas during peacetime and the second-largest European maritime disaster in peacetime, with only the Titanic holding a higher death-toll. There were sure an assault, but what kind of? I'm very sorry to hear about your relatives being on board. After the accident many other witnesses have also died. So he did. I vaguely remember thinking that the ferry was some barge-like thing with cars on it at the time but it wasn't like that at all. But it is my understanding that there are many shipwreck gravesites that are off limits in the Baltic Sea. David Hunt (author) from Cedar Rapids, Iowa on March 16, 2012: I appreciate the vote up, Larry. Head of the original investigation committee into the 1994 sinking of the MS Estonia ferry has rejected theories that the disaster was caused by submarine strike. Memorial to the victims of the MS Estonia disaster (Tahkuna, Hiiumaa island, Estonia). The Sinking of the Estonia was met with skepticism. The sinking of the vessel, which killed 852 people, is one of Europe’s worst maritime disasters. But the five-episode documentary, which started streaming online in Scandinavia and Finland on Monday, draws a different and far darker conclusion: The filmmakers found a previously unrecorded gash in the hull of the ship about 13 feet long and four feet wide. David Hunt (author) from Cedar Rapids, Iowa on August 08, 2012: Hi Natashalh. A Norwegian maritime expert concluded that the Estonia had been hit by an object with a mass of 1,000 to 5,000 tons. David Hunt (author) from Cedar Rapids, Iowa on November 15, 2014: Thank you, askformore. Thanks for stopping by. Another expert interviewed in the documentary said that were no indications of an explosion, a theory that was offered after it was reported that the ferry had been carrying military equipment. NATO exercises that night jammed communications at precisely the time the Estonia first encountered problems. After piecing things together, a different scenario emerged, he said. Larry Fields from Northern California on March 16, 2012: The existence of the Estonia Agreement suggests that there was gross negligence on the part of people in several of the signatory countries, and that the agreement itself was a big CYA maneuver. A ghostly silhouette looms in front of the camera. Thanks for the information. Only 94 bodies were recovered of the 852 who lost their lives. I will definitely keep it in mind in future. I'm glad you found it so interesting. Definitely strange. Of course with a expense of people, who accept ta wage 3-5 times lower than in Eu avarage at the same level of expenture prices. It was fully loaded with vehicles and cargo, so much so that it listed slightly due to poor cargo distribution. “Everything started with a big bang, not one that you hear, but one that everyone felt.”, In the documentary, a Norwegian maritime expert concluded that the Estonia had been hit by an object with a mass of 1,000 to 5,000 tons, moving at a relatively low speed, about three to 10 kilometers an hour. The Swedish authorities then planned to entomb the ferry in an underwater mausoleum by covering the wreck in a 12-inch layer of concrete, but the plan was abandoned after families of the victims objected. The Baltic Sea is full of history and tragic events. In a joint statement released on Monday, the governments of Estonia, Finland and Sweden said they would investigate the claim, which comes after years of complaints by families of the victims and survivors over the lack of a proper inquiry. Estonia, Sweden, and Finland have agreed to assess the new information. I will be spending plenty of time reading your work! After interviewing survivors and collecting evidence for the documentary, “Estonia: The Find That Changes Everything,” they say they found several serious inconsistencies in the official investigation. Thank you for an interesting hub about the Estonia sinking. David Hunt (author) from Cedar Rapids, Iowa on November 27, 2014: Thanks, Perspycacious. “But we methodically scanned the hull of the ship,” Mr. Evertsson said. It was such a tragic loss of so many lives.Voted up and interesting. “At some point, on the starboard side, the hull just suddenly ended, and there was a massive gap.”, “There was a long and relatively narrow hole compared to the length,” he continued, “with one piece of cracked steel pushed inwards into the ship and another part bending out.”. It was a huge ship. The 12-meter tall rusting frame leans as if it were sinking. The very fact that it was entombed and that there is a treaty forbidding anyone to investigate the wreckage is bound to lend credence to some sort of cover-up or alternate explanation for one of the world's biggest maritime disasters. I have read many stories about it and seen many movies. The ocean is the most powerful and frightening force on this earth. On the evening of September 27, 1994, the cruise ferry MS Estonia left Tallinn, Estonia, destined for Stockholm, Sweden across the Baltic Sea, a trip of 14 – 15 hours. MS Estonia‘s sinking simulation. Tags: Estonia shipwrecks sweden wreck. Did the governments of that time lie, attributing the disaster to the opening of the bow door? As I mentioned, I vaguely remember the incident, but didn't realize the ferry was so enormous or the loss of life so terrible. On board the ship were 803 passengers and 186 crew. It must have been very difficult for your family. With all the controversy surrounding the sinking of MS Estonia and the various conspiracy theories that just won't die, it does seem odd that over the years public domain images related to MS Estonia are disappearing. And thanks for the share. Sadly we have the same ministers in charge who came from soviet times and they are actually puppet regime. Silver Ringvee from Estonia on November 06, 2012: Yes, but unfortunately I can not remember these times very well. “The first thing that really hit us was the fact that, in the final official report, the surviving witnesses had not been interviewed thoroughly,” Mr. Evertsson, who is from Sweden, said in a telephone interview. It may be that the authors are asserting their rights. Good luck! After the accident he had told that it was an assault against Estonian country, which he never replyd. 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